Water is a link between many current environmental issues. Future changes in the water cycle and how water is used may strongly affect both the environment and society in many parts of the world. In my research, I study interactions between water and climate, with an emphasis on water information and its role as a basis for policy decisions.
Currently, I am involved in research on the following topics:
- Observation systems and monitoring
To observe, assess and plan for adaptation to climate and other socio-economical change, relevant observation data and modeling results are critical. The International Council for Science recently identified observations as one of five “Grand Challenges” for Earth System Sciences in the 2010s. The focus of my research on this topic is therefore to assess how well present observation systems and climate model data serve the needs of researchers, water managers and policymakers, and how they could be improved or optimized. The aim is to contribute to better water observation systems and more accessible and relevant water information.Selected publications:
- Bring, A., & Destouni, G. (2014). Arctic climate and water change: Model and observation relevance for assessment and adaptation. Surveys in Geophysics, 35, 853-877.
- Karlsson, J. M., Bring, A., Peterson, G. D., Gordon, L. J., & Destouni, G. (2011). Opportunities and limitations to detect climate-related regime shifts in inland Arctic ecosystems through eco-hydrological monitoring. Environmental Research Letters, 6(1), 14015.
- Bring, A., & Destouni, G. (2009). Hydrological and hydrochemical observation status in the pan-Arctic drainage basin. Polar Research, 28, 327-338.
- The freshwater system in the Arctic
The Arctic is a sensitive and critical component of the global climate system. Freshwater plays an integral role in many recently observed and often reported signs of change to the system, such as declining extent of sea ice, shrinking glaciers, increasing river discharge, and thawing permafrost. In my research, I am studying changes to the water system and climate on the scale of large Arctic basins. I am also co-chairing the Arctic Freshwater Synthesis (AFS), a joint science integration activity between IASC, WCRP–CliC, and AMAP.
- Climate projections for the land water system
Projections of global climate represent our best estimates of the future states of the climate system. However, to answer questions of relevance to environmental management at regional and local scales, the representation of the water system in the models needs to be relevant also at these scales. In my research, I am studying characteristics of land water system changes from climate model simulations of various kinds.
- Water, climate, conflict and cooperation
A changing climate and rapidly growing footprint of human society pose serious challenges to rational management of water, but also opens opportunities for cooperation, even on issues beyond the water resources themselves. In my research, I am investigating the influence of climatic, hydrologic, economic and information capacity factors on human disputes and cooperation.
Furthermore, I teach a master’s level negotiation simulation on managing transboundary river basins, both at Stockholm University and at the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education in Delft, The Netherlands, as part of a module on water conflict resolution and mediation.
Dept of Physical Geography
SE-106 91 Stockholm
Room V308, Geosciences building, Svante Arrhenius väg 8, Stockholm